Justice William O. Douglas wrote that King Charles II adopted severe measures against noncomformists. One of those acts was the Conventicle Act of 1664. This forbade “conventicles” or religious assemblies of more than 5 people, outside of the Church of England. This act, part of the Clarendon Code, aimed to discourage nonconformism. One group raided under this act included a new religious sect, the Quakers.