Month: April 2017

Arthur Wergs Mitchell, Pullman Cars, and Discrimination

Arthur Wergs Mitchell

My Country – Arthur Wergs Mitchell In 1934, Arthur Wergs Mitchell became the first Democratic African-American member of Congress. Representing the First District of Illinois, Mitchell integrated himself into the Chicago political machine and changed political parties. However, over time, the machine came to dislike him as he challenged their authority. He began his career as an …

Simon Fish, A Supplication of Beggars, and Sir Thomas More

simon fish

My Country – Simon Fish A major component of An Almanac of Liberty is British history, specifically religious history. Simon Fish wrote an attack on monasteries and the Roman Catholic Church. The tract was A Supplication of Beggars. Fish called the clergy “sturdy, idle, holy thieves.” He argued that they collected vast wealth for over 400 years through …

Federal Employers’ Liability Act, Employers’ Liability Cases, and Labor

  My Country – Federal Employers’ Liability Act On April 22, 1908, Congress passed the Federal Employers’ Liability Act, which governed the liability of interstate railroads. Under FELA, railroad workers who are not covered by regular workers’ compensation laws were able to sue companies for their injury claims. Why Was This Necessary? Justice Douglas recounts a story about a butcher …

Juvenile Courts, Sheldon and Eleanor Glueck, and Expanding the Safety Net

My Country – Juvenile Courts On April 21, 1899, Illinois enacted the first Juvenile Courts system. Other states followed their example. By the mid-twentieth century,  we had many judicial clinics for juveniles. The goal was to shift criminal courts from focusing on punishments and encouraging rehabilitation based on the individual juvenile’s needs. After Illinois enacted the law, …